Jerash is situated in the north of Jordan, 48 kilometers (30 miles) north of Amman towards Syria. Jerash is known for the ruins of the Greco-Roman city of Gerasa, also referred to as Antioch on the Golden River.
Jerash became an urban center during the 3rd century B.C. and a member of the ancient federation of Greek cities. Jerash prospered during the 1st century B.C. as a result of its position on the incense and spice trade route from the Arabian Peninsula to Syria and the Mediterranean region.
Modern Jerash sprawls to the east of the ruins, sharing the same city wall and a bit more. Thankfully, the ruins have been carefully preserved and spared from encroachment.